Due to the changing weather, water scarcity, and global warming, there is a possibility that rice may disappear from the plate of people in the next 30 years. A team of American researchers from the University of Illinois studied in India in one of the world’s largest rice-growing regions. This team has stated in its report that by 2050, there may be a huge decrease in the amount of rice production.
Production of rice estimated to below
The research team has stated that if modern technology is not used for soil conservation and limiting the waste at the time of harvest, rice production could be reduced in the future. This team has done its research on the rice production center of Norman Borlaug Institute located in Bihar. The aim was to estimate rice yield and water demand by the year 2050.
The effect of changing temperature and weather
Prashant Kalita, the lead author of this study and a professor in the Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering at the University of Illinois, explained that changing weather affects temperature, rainfall, and carbon dioxide concentrations. These are particularly essential ingredients for the growth of crops like rice. If they are adversely affected then the production is bound to be affected.
The cost of 4000 liters of water from growing 1 kg of rice to cooking
He said that the production and processing of rice per kilogram cost around 4000 liters of water in total. Kalita’s team assessed the amount of water required for rice production, yield rate, and climatic conditions. He also explored how rice-producing farmers could adopt to deal with the effects of climate change. The researchers also created computer simulation models to identify strategies to be implemented to maintain rice production.
By 2050, rice yield will be reduced
Professor Kalita’s study predicts that if rice-producing farmers continue farming with current practices, the yield of their plants may be significantly reduced by 2050. Our modeling results suggest that the growth stage of the crop is shrinking. The time from the sowing of crops to harvesting is fast decreasing. Due to this, crops are maturing fast. Due to this, farmers are not getting the benefit of full yield.