The fast-melting glaciers in the Himalayas are increasing the number of lakes there and the water level in them. Not only this, these lakes are also increasing their size, which has increased the risk of flooding. The danger is more to those areas, which are located at the mouths of rivers. Scientists from various universities around the world, including Britain, Austria, and Peru, have given this warning based on an in-depth study. Among these, a large population in Nepal, China, and India have also been warned of the danger of flooding originating from these lakes.
According to scientists, the number of such lakes worldwide has increased by 50% in 30 years. Scientists have detected about 3,624 such glacial lakes, such as glacier melting lakes in these three countries, through remote sensing and satellite. Nepal has the highest number of 2,070 lakes, which could pose a threat to populations inhabiting the Koshi, Gandaki, and Karnali river basins. 1,509 such lakes have been detected in China and 45 in India. These lakes in China and India remain in the Tibet Autonomous Region.
Professor of Climate Change at Exeter University, Prof. Stephen Harrison says, “Some lakes are at very dangerous levels, which are difficult to quantify.” They can erupt anytime. Its risk is high in the Aedes and Himalayan mountain ranges. ‘