The Chinese government has invited a new Cold War in the South China Sea, with its Coast Guard (Coast Guard) allowed to fire on foreign ships. With this law of China, the conflict with the countries adjacent to the South China Sea and the US will intensify. This new law of China is a direct challenge to America. China has made its intentions clear as soon as Biden takes over power in America. What is China’s new Coast Guard law? What will be the international impact of this law? Which countries will have a direct impact on it. This story explores this.
The South China Sea and China
Actually, this law of China is being linked to the dispute of the South China Sea. Japan, Cambodia, the Philippines and Vietnam have direct interests in the region. America also has a keen interest in this ocean rich in strategic and mineral wealth. On the other hand, China has been claiming 80 percent of the South China Sea. China has been continuously bullying the region. The US Navy recently conducted maneuvers in the region to reduce China’s dominance. US bomber aircraft B-52H demonstrated strength in the region. In response, China tried to threaten the US by tweeting a picture of its missiles.
What is the importance of the South China Sea?
The South China Ocean is in China’s eyes due to its geographical location. This ocean is adjacent to the western side of the Pacific Ocean. It falls in the Southeast of Asia. The eastern coast of this sea is connected to Vietnam and Cambodia. On its west coast is the Philippines. To its north are the islands of Indonesia. Apart from being connected to many countries, it is one of the busiest waterways in the world. The trade by this sea route is worth $ 5 trillion per year. It is about 20 percent of the world’s total maritime trade. China has the highest trade with this sea.
This is how stress started
China, the Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Brunei are the six countries asserting their rights on the South China Sea. About six years ago, Beijing began to dominate the South China Sea. China also built a military base by building several artificial islands here. Today China troops are stationed on many islands here. He also harassed the ships passing through here. China claims that about 2,000 years ago its mustaches discovered islands in the ocean. Although Japan was occupied by the South China Sea during World War II, after the war, many islands were captured by China, and thereafter a map was also published. In the seventies, soon after discovering the gas and oil reserves here, the world got noticed and the controversy started.
What is China’s new Coast Guard law?
Significantly, the Chinese government has allowed its Coast Guard to fire on foreign vessels when needed. The standing committee of the National People’s Congress of China passed the Coast Guard law on Friday. Accordingly, the Coast Guard is allowed to use all necessary resources to prevent threats emanating from foreign vessels. Different types of weapons can be used if required under this law. This permission has been given at a time when China is in dispute with Japan in the East China Sea and countries of South-East Asia in the South China Sea. China describes both the maritime areas as its territory and keeps trying every now and then to occupy it. It is believed that with this decision, he can try to obstruct the passage of foreign ships from the South China Sea.