In the midst of ongoing tensions from India, China is covering many countries of Asia with its deadly weapons. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) report released today, Pakistan occupies the tenth position in the list of the largest arms buying countries in the world between 2016-2020. During this time Pakistan has bought 2.7 percent of the total arms imported worldwide. Pakistan has purchased 74 percent of the total arms imported from China alone. Apart from this, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Indonesia, and Thailand are among the major Asian countries buying arms from China.
Pakistan bought weapons from these countries
Pakistan bought 74 percent of the total arms imported from China, 6.6 percent from Russia, and 5.9 percent from Italy between 2016-2020. However, this list does not include Pakistan’s arms deal with Turkey. Let us know that Pakistan is buying many modern warships through the Magnum project. Apart from this, Pakistan and Turkey are also involved in several joint arms production together. This report states that Pakistan’s total arms purchases have seen a decline of 23 percent over the previous session.
China is selling more arms to Asian countries
China has sold most of its weapons to Asian countries, however, there are many countries in Africa that are buying them from Dragon. According to the China Powers report, China has contributed 82.8% of the total arms exports to Asian countries. Which includes Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Indonesia. This includes the manufacture of JF-17 fighter jets with Pakistan, warships of Type 054 class, missile optical tracking systems.
India is the world’s second-largest arms buyer country
According to Sipri, India remains the second-largest arms importer in the world after Saudi Arabia. India is followed by Egypt, Australia, and China. Between 2011-2015 and 2016-2020, India’s imports of arms from abroad have fallen by 33 percent. In the last 5 years, India has bought the most weapons from Russia, but this import of weapons has come down by about 53%. India is now buying only 49 percent of weapons from Russia, instead of the earlier 70 percent.
The US ranks fourth, arms imports from France rise 709 percent
India has also dealt a major blow to the US in terms of arms imports. The United States was India’s second-largest exporter of arms between 2011-2015, but in the year 2016-2020, the US has moved up to the fourth position. India has reduced arms imports from the US by 46 percent. Between 2016 and 2020, Israel and France were the second and third largest arms suppliers, respectively.
Bangladesh’s proximity to China is increasing
Bangladesh’s attitude has changed a bit after Sheikh Hasina became Prime Minister again. It is now favoring China’s infra projects. Last year, Bangladesh awarded the contract for the airport terminal at Sylhet to the Chinese company. While Sylhet is adjacent to the north-east border of India and is considered a sensitive area. With its help, China was planning to keep an eye on the entire North East region of India.
China wants to make its presence in the Bay of Bengal
China wants to make its presence in the Bay of Bengal surround India. This is why the military coup in Myanmar has been criticized by the whole world but, China has favored Myanmar’s army at every step. It vetoed a resolution criticizing the Myanmar military in the UN Security Council and the Human Rights Council. Aung Sang Suu Kyi’s government was not approving China’s projects, affecting China’s dream of reaching Bangladesh.