The way the attack of black fungus has increased after Kovid, it is being said again and again that people whose immunity has weakened, black fungus are attacking them. Also, because of taking steroids, immunity weakens and the problem is increasing due to its wrong use.
What is it about steroids that lowers immunity?
On this question, Dr. Kaushal Kant Mishra, Joint Replacement Director and Public Health Expert at Fortis Escorts Hospital said that steroid is a kind of chemical which is made in the body itself like a hormone. Whenever someone has an emergency, it acts as a life-saving hormone. Like if you are crossing the road and suddenly a car comes in front of you and keeps on getting excited. At that time the heart beats fast and you try to save yourself by taking immediate action.
Immunity is a kind of inflammation
This response is due to the release of steroids inside the body which is released from the adrenal gland. When steroids are given externally, the adrenal gland stops working and the steroid is not made from inside the body. Due to the effect of steroids given externally, inflammation is greatly reduced. For this reason, immunity is low because immunity is only a type of inflammation.
Dr. Anshuman Kumar, Director, Dharamshila Super Specialty Hospital said that if there is inflammation somewhere in the body, then steroids work to reduce it. So first let us understand what is this inflation? Dr. Anshuman told that whenever an antigen ie an external element comes into the body, like coronavirus, then there are three types of possibilities in it. The first is that nothing will happen i.e. there will be no symptoms, it means that antibodies are being made in the body in very small quantities and there is no fight with the antigen, rather the body has accepted that virus and is slowly making antibodies.
Mild cold cough or fever
The second possibility is that there is a mild cold, cough, or fever. That is, there was a mild inflammatory response. This means that the body made antibodies and fought with the virus and the body also realized it. The third possibility is a serious case. That is, the fight between the virus and the antibody became so much that it started causing damage in other parts of the body as well. When this inflammatory response becomes too high, then there is also an injury in the lungs. In this case steroids help. Acts steroid anti-inflammatory. Inflammatory means that there is a fight between antigen and antibody and the changes that take place in the body in the process of building immunity. It can be less or more.
Why the problem with steroids?
Dr. Anshuman Kumar says that this property of steroids is that if the steroid is given without need, then it starts working on the immune system. When people take steroids unnecessarily, for a long time, or in the wrong way, it suppresses the immune system. If steroids are taken under the supervision of a doctor, it will not be fatal because the doctor will give steroids only when the inflammatory response of the body is high. In such a situation, steroids are consumed only in reducing the inflammatory response and do not have a bad effect on immunity. However, steroids also raise blood sugar. In such a situation, if steroids are taken under the supervision of a doctor, then blood sugar is also monitored.
Giving steroids makes his body’s recovery faster
Dr. Kaushal Kant Mishra said that when steroids are given to the patient for a short time, the recovery of his body starts faster and the body pain is reduced. Then the patient starts eating it even without the advice of the doctor, due to which it has side effects. Decreased immunity, swelling in the body, water in the body is its side effects. Sometimes doctors use anabolic steroids which means they use to improve the metabolism of the body. Many people misuse it in bodybuilding. There is a provision of dope tests in the National-International Games so that there is no misuse of steroids in the athlete.
Steroids are used for a long time in some diseases. Such as arthritis (rheumatoid arthritis), autoimmune disorders. Sometimes in some diseases, when there is less steroid production in the body, then taking a small number of steroids on the advice of the doctor, the body works normally. Even when the patient goes into shock after an accident, we use steroids to save the patient’s life. He said that when the steroid decreases in the body due to any disease or due to any other reason, then we give it as a medicine. It is most commonly used in birth control pills. These pills also contain steroids.
How long does it take for immunity to recover
If someone has a severe corona and is treated with steroids, then how long does it take for immunity to recover? According to doctors, we usually keep four weeks. If there is a recovery from Kovid, then we take precautions for 4 weeks. If steroids are taken, immunity will be low for two weeks and after that, it takes two weeks for recovery. That’s why we ask for four weeks of precaution. But if someone’s diabetes is uncontrolled, then it can also take a long time. By the way, after 4 weeks, the immunity system starts working normally.
How to know immunity
There is no such separate test of immunity. According to doctors, there are cells and antibodies in the body. There are white blood cells in the blood and then there are five types of cells in it. The normal number of white blood cells per cubic millimeter of blood ranges from 4 thousand to 11 thousand. Apart from this, there are five types of antibodies in the body. They have a different test. It may also happen that the number of white blood cells is fine but still the immunity is low. May not have antibodies. All these quantities cannot be tested on every patient. Therefore, we can assume that those who have been severely covid, then they need to be careful. If a diabetic patient, If a cancer patient or someone who has had an organ transplant or is taking immunosuppressive drugs (medicines that suppress the immune system), then there is a disturbance in immunity. Such patients have to be more careful.
Ways to increase immunity
According to Dr. Anshuman, there is the auto recovery of immunity. Meaning, as soon as the body’s fight with the virus is over, antibodies are formed. In many parts of the body including bone marrow, thymus, immunity cells are formed and circulating antibodies are made. If the functions of all these organs are correct, then after two weeks the immunity gets cured automatically. A good amount of protein should be eaten to support it because antibodies are made from proteins as soon as they are made. If someone does not take the protein, then the bone marrow will also be working, then he will not be able to make antibodies. Vitamin C works in making antibodies. Iron supports this. So there should be no shortage of all these. It should be taken in food and immunity is auto recovered. Dr. Kaushal Kant Mishra said that everyone’s immunity has been normal by taking a balanced diet. When anything is deficient in the body, it is given as a supplement. such as vitamin C, zinc,
Does immunity decrease for some time after applying the vaccine,
many such messages are being circulated in which it is being said that immunity remains low for some time after applying the vaccine. Is it true? Dr. Kaushal Kant Mishra said that giving any vaccine does not affect the immunity of the body. Rather, the vaccine is given only to increase immunity. In children, several vaccines are given at the same time.
Immunity increasing according to age
Dr. Anshuman says that immunity is fastest at a young age. But immunity does not develop in a child younger than one year. The immune system begins to weaken even after the age of 60. The speed with which the immune system will work in youth will not respond as much as at the age of 60. The immune system works on the signals of the body. If a virus (antigen) comes into the body, then the signal of the body to transmit that message to the organs weakens and the amount of protein is also less in old age. Therefore the immune system is weakened. If the food is right and healthy, then children have the best immune system till the age of 18 years.