For the first time in the world due to the Covid-19 epidemic, a lockdown was imposed in Wuhan, China in 2020. Lockdown was imposed in most countries in the struggle to save lives. During this time, there were talks of deserted roads, industry-stalled, and ways to avoid Covid-19 everywhere. This was not the first time in global history that the world faced such grave situations. There have been situations like lockdown before. Let us know when such conditions happened and what was their effect?
Ideas derived from the Justinian plague: The Justinian plague was named after Emperor Justinian of the Byzantine Empire (527–565 AD). The king was ill with the bubonic plague and the empire was in trouble. Some researchers believe that about five thousand people were dying daily in the capital of the empire Constantinople. After this, the then experts came up with the idea of keeping the people suffering from the disease away from the population.
Lockdown existed in many forms: Spanish flu spread very rapidly after World War I in the world. This happened due to the use of public transport by soldiers, factory workers, and others. Even though there was no formal form of lockdown during this time, it still existed in many forms. Where many crowded areas were closed for fear of spreading the virus. Theaters, cinemas, and churches were closed and in many cases, the shutdown continued for months.
Quarantine-like words came from this: Europe was engulfed by the bubonic plague in the 14th century. To mitigate the effects of the disease, the government or those in power adopted a number of measures, which for the first time are defined as lockdowns. It was known as the Black Death, which engulfed Europe and elsewhere between 1346 and 1353. Fear of plague did not allow ships from other countries at seaports. In addition, ships that were allowed to sail at ports were asked to isolate the sailors for a month, which led to the concept and term of quarantine. The Italian word for this was originally Trentino. The English word quarantine was directly influenced by the Italian word quarantine, meaning 40 days time.
People were shut down in homes due to Covid-19: More than half of the world’s population was in lockdown in April 2020 due to the Kovid-19 epidemic. Governments of more than 90 countries and territories were ordered to house 3.9 billion people. School-college closures affected 47 percent of the world’s students. The population of 1.3 billion was in households in India during the lockdown. This was the largest number in a country.
It had an economic impact: In March 2020, a FICCI survey revealed that 53 percent of the businesses in India were shut down due to the effect of coronavirus due to the lockdown. On the other hand, due to the lockdown, the income of 45 percent of households decreased compared to last year. A large number of people became unemployed and the tourism industry alone suffered a loss of 15 thousand crores in just March and April. At the same time, it was estimated that every day of lockdown, the Indian economy suffered a loss of 32 thousand crores. However, now the Indian economy is slowly coming back on track and everything is going well. At the same time, the global situation is also improving.
Lockdown had to be imposed thrice to deal with Covid-19: Due to the Kovid-19 epidemic, the lockdown was imposed three times in many countries of the world. These included some regions of Australia, Ireland, Israel, Britain, and Italy. At the same time, many countries in the world have lived even when the governments there did not impose lockdown despite increasing infections and deaths. Many countries such as Cambodia, Japan, South Korea, Sweden, Taiwan did not have a lockdown. While governments in many of the US provinces also avoided lockdown. However, countries like the US had to deal with the growing transition due to lockdown.